Review of Last Week
Exodus 19: 3-8 — IF you follow my commands THEN you shall be my treasured possession
“And Moses went up to God and YHVH called to him from the mountain, saying, “This is what you are to say to the house Jacob and declare to the children of Israel: 4’You have seen what I did to the Egyptians and how I bore you on eagles’ wings and brought you to Myself. 5 And now, if you diligently obey My voice and shall guard My covenant, then you shall be My treasured possession above all the people – for all the earth is Mine – 6 and you shall be to Me a reign of priests and set-apart nation.’ Those are the words which you are to speak to the children of Israel.” 7 And Moses came and called for the elders of the people and set before them all these words which YHVH commanded them. 8 And all the people answered together and said, “All that YHVH has spoken we shall do.” So Moses brought back the words of the people to YHVH.
Matthew 5: 13-19 — came not to abolish the Law
“You are the salt of the earth, but if the salt becomes tasteless, how shall it be seasoned? For it is no longer of any use but to be thrown out and to be trodden down by men. You are the light of the world. It is impossible for a city to be hidden on a mountain. Nor do they light a lamp and put it under a basket, but on a lamp stand and it shines to all those in the house. Let you light so shine before men, so that they see your good works and praise your Father who is in the heavens. Do not think that I came to destroy the Torah or the Prophets. I did not come to destroy but to complete. For truly, I say to you , till the heaven and the earth pass away, one jot or one tittle shall by no means pass from the Torah till all be done. Whoever, then, breaks one of the least of these commands, and teaches men so, shall be called least in the kingdom of the heavens; but whoever does and teaches them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of the heavens.”
– Some would say that these Laws are only for the Jews or for Israel
– but we, as believers have been grafted into the House
Who is Israel?
Romans 11:24-27 — grafted in
“For if you were cut out of the olive tree which is wild by nature, and were grafted contrary to nature into a good olive tree, how much more shall these who are the natural branches be grafted into their own olive tree? For I do not wish you to be ignorant of this secret, brother, lest you should be wise in your own estimation, that hardening in part has come over Israel, until the completeness of the gentiles has come in. And so all Israel shall be saved, as it has been written, “The Deliverer shall come out of Zion and He shall turn away wickedness from Jacob and this is My covenant with them, when I take away their sins.”
Ruth 1:16-17 — “your people shall be my people and your God shall be my God”
But Ruth said, “Do not urge me to leave you, or to go back from following after you. For wherever you go, I go; and wherever you stop over, I stop over. Your people is my people, and your Elohim is my Elohim. Where you die, I die, and there I shall be buried. יהוה do so to me, and more also – for death itself parts you and me.”
– when we choose to follow after God with all our hearts, and with all our soul and with all our strength, that means leaving our old ways behind and adopting HIS WAYS
– we should never make GOD conform to our ways but instead, we should conform to HIS
Leviticus 24:22 “you are to have one right-ruling for the stranger and the native-born, for I am YHVH your God.”
John 5:46-47 — Even Yeshua taught that the Torah/Old Testament pointed the world to Him
“For if you believed Moses, you would have believed Me, since He wrote about Me. But if you do not believe his writings, how shall you believe My words?”
Ephesians 2:17-22 – We are all one house in Yeshua Messiah
And having come, He brought as Good News peace to you who were far off, and peace to those near. Because through Him we both have access to the Father by one Spirit. So then you are no longer strangers and foreigners, but fellow citizens with the set-apart ones and members of the household of Elohim, having been built upon the foundation of the emissaries and prophets, יהושע Messiah Himself being chief corner-stone, in whom all the building, being joined together, grows into a set-apart Dwelling Place in יהוה, in whom you also are being built together into a dwelling of Elohim in the Spirit.
Jeremiah 31:34-47 Israel will never cease to be His chosen people
“And no longer shall they teach, each one his neighbour, and each one his brother, saying, ‘Know יהוה,’ for they shall all know Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them,” declares יהוה. “For I shall forgive their crookedness, and remember their sin no more. Thus said יהוה, who gives the sun for a light by day, and the laws of the moon and the stars for a light by night, who stirs up the sea, and its waves roar – יהוה of hosts is His Name: ‘If these laws vanish from before Me,” declares יהוה, “then the seed of Yisra’ĕl shall also cease from being a nation before Me forever.” Thus said יהוה, “If the heavens above could be measured, and the foundations of the earth searched out beneath, I would also cast off all the seed of Yisra’ĕl for all that they have done,” declares יהוה.
Why Does it Matter?
Who is the Torah for? Christians say not for them but only for the Jews
– The truth is that the Torah is for all those who come under the covering of the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; for all those who are grafted into the House of YHVH; all those who, like Ruth, joined herself to the House of Israel
Why is it important to know who Torah is for?
– Torah tells us what sin is
What is sin?
James 1:16-27 – Being doers of the Word of God, which makes us perfect and blessed
Do not go astray, my beloved brothers. Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of lights, with whom there is no change, nor shadow of turning. Having purposed it, He brought us forth by the Word of truth, for us to be a kind of first-fruits of His creatures. So then, my beloved brothers, let every man be swift to hear, slow to speak, slow to wrath, for the wrath of man does not work the righteousness of Elohim. Therefore put away all filthiness and overflow of evil, and receive with meekness the implanted Word, which is able to save your lives. And become doers of the Word, and not hearers only, deceiving yourselves. Because if anyone is a hearer of the Word and not a doer, he is like a man who looks at his natural face in a mirror, for he looks at himself, and goes away, and immediately forgets what he was like. But he that looked into the perfect Torah, that of freedom, and continues in it, not becoming a hearer that forgets, but a doer of work, this one shall be blessed in his doing of the Torah. If anyone among you thinks he is religious, and does not bridle his tongue but deceives his own heart, this one’s religion is worthless. Clean and undefiled religion before the Elohim and Father is this: to visit orphans and widows in their affliction, and to keep oneself unstained from the world.
Luke 6:46-49 – Obedience; Building house on strong rock foundation
“But why do you call Me ‘Master, Master,’ and do not do what I say? Everyone who is coming to Me, and is hearing My words and is doing them, I shall show you whom he is like: He is like a man building a house, who dug deep and laid a foundation on the rock. And when a flood came, the stream burst against that house, but was unable to shake it, for it was founded on the rock. But the one hearing and not doing, is like a man who built a house on the earth without a foundation, against which the stream burst, and immediately it fell. And the ruin of that house was great.”
Matthew 7:21-23 (13-27)
Not everyone who says to Me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ shall enter the kingdom of heaven, but he who does the will of My Father in heaven. [the disobedient will be banned from heaven] Many will say to Me in that day, ‘Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in Your name, cast out demons in Your name, and done many wonders in Your name?’ And then I will declare to them, ‘I never knew you; depart from Me, you who practice lawlessness!’
In Context: Matthew 7:13-27
Enter by the narrow gate; for wide is the gate and broad is the way that leads to destruction, and there are many who go in by it. Because narrow is the gate and difficult is the way which leads to life, and there are few who find it. Beware of false prophets, who come to you in sheep’s clothing, but inwardly they are ravenous wolves. [eager for your money] You will know them by their fruits. Do men gather grapes from thorn bushes or figs from thistles? Even so, every good tree bears good fruit, but a bad tree bears bad fruit. A good tree cannot bear bad fruit, nor can a bad tree bear good fruit. Every tree that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire. (see Gal 5:19-24) Therefore by their fruits you will know them. Not everyone who says to Me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ shall enter the kingdom of heaven, but he who does the will of My Father in heaven. [the disobedient will be banned from heaven] Many will say to Me in that day, ‘Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in Your name, cast out demons in Your name, and done many wonders in Your name?’ And then I will declare to them, ‘I never knew you; depart from Me, you who practice lawlessness!’ Therefore whoever hears these sayings of Mine, and does them, I will liken him to a wise man who built his house on the rock: and the rain descended, the floods came, and the winds blew and beat on that house; and it did not fall, for it was founded on the rock. But everyone who hears these sayings of Mine, and does not do them, will be like a foolish man who built his house on the sand: and the rain descended, the floods came, and the winds blew and beat on that house; and it fell. And great was its fall.
The Son of Man will send out His angels, and they will gather out of His kingdom all things that offend, and those who practice lawlessness,
In Context: Mat 13:37-43
He who sows the good seed is the Son of Man. The field is the world, the good seeds are the sons of the kingdom, but the tares are the sons of the wicked one. The enemy who sowed them is the devil, the harvest is the end of the age, and the reapers are the angels. Therefore as the tares are gathered and burned in the fire, so it will be at the end of this age. The Son of Man will send out His angels, and they will gather out of His kingdom all things that offend, and those who practice lawlessness, and will cast them into the furnace of fire. There will be wailing and gnashing of teeth. Then the righteous will shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father. He who has ears to hear, let him hear!”
1 John 3:4
Whoever commits sin also commits lawlessness, and sin is lawlessness.
Even so you also outwardly appear righteous to men, but inside you are full of hypocrisy and lawlessness.
And because lawlessness will abound, the love of many will grow cold.
I speak in human terms because of the weakness of your flesh. For just as you presented your members as slaves of uncleanness, and of lawlessness leading to more lawlessness, so now present your members as slaves of righteousness for holiness.
2 Corinthians 6:14
Do not be unequally yoked together with unbelievers. For what fellowship has righteousness with lawlessness? And what communion has light with darkness?
2 Thessalonians 2:7
For the mystery of lawlessness is already at work; only He who now restrains will do so until He is taken out of the way.
You have loved righteousness and hated lawlessness; Therefore God, Your God, has anointed You With the oil of gladness more than Your companions.
We don’t want to walk in lawlessness or in darkness
1Blessed are the perfect in the way, Who walk in the Torah of יהוה!
2Blessed are those who observe His witnesses, Who seek Him with all the heart!
3Yea, they shall do no unrighteousness; They shall walk in His ways.
4You have commanded us To guard Your orders diligently.
5Oh, that my ways were established To guard Your laws!
6Then I would not be ashamed, When I look into all Your commands.
7I thank You with uprightness of heart, When I learn the right-rulings of Your righteousness.
8I guard Your laws; Oh, do not leave me entirely!
9How would a young man cleanse his path. To guard it according to Your word?
10I have sought You with all my heart; Let me not stray from Your commands!
11I have treasured up Your word in my heart, That I might not sin against You.
12Blessed are You, O יהוה! Teach me Your laws.
13With my lips I have recounted All the right-rulings of Your mouth.
14I have rejoiced in the way of Your witnesses, As over all riches.
15I meditate on Your orders, And regard Your ways.
16I delight myself in Your laws; I do not forget Your word.
17Do good to Your servant, Let me live and I guard Your word.
18Open my eyes, that I might see Wonders from Your Torah.
19I am a sojourner in the earth; Do not hide Your commands from me.
20My being is crushed with longing For Your right-rulings at all times.
21You rebuked the proud, cursed ones, Who are straying from Your commands.
22Remove from me reproach and scorn, For I have observed Your witnesses.
23Though princes sat, speaking against me, Your servant meditates on Your laws.
24Your witnesses also are my delight, My counsellors.
25My being has been clinging to the dust; Revive me according to Your word.
26I have recounted my ways and You answered me; Teach me Your laws.
27Make me understand the way of Your orders; That I might meditate on Your wonders.
28My being has wept from grief; Strengthen me according to Your word.
29Remove from me the way of falsehood, And favour me with Your Torah.
30I have chosen the way of truth; Your right-rulings I have held level.
31I have clung to Your witnesses; O יהוה, do not put me to shame!
32I run the way of Your commands, For You enlarge my heart.
33Teach me, O יהוה, the way of Your laws, And I observe it to the end.
34Make me understand, that I might observe Your Torah, And guard it with all my heart.
35Make me walk in the path of Your commands, For I have delighted in it.
36Incline my heart to Your witnesses, And not to own gain.
37Turn away my eyes from looking at falsehood, And revive me in Your way.
38Establish Your word to Your servant, Which leads to the fear of You.
39Turn away my reproach which I dread, For Your right-rulings are good.
40See, I have longed for Your orders; Revive me in Your righteousness.
41And let Your kindnesses come to me, O יהוה; Your deliverance, according to Your word,
42So that I answer my reprover, For I have trusted in Your word.
43And do not take away from my mouth The word of truth entirely, For I have waited for Your right-rulings;
44That I might guard Your Torah continually, Forever and ever;
45That I might walk in a broad place, For I have sought Your orders;
46That I might speak of Your witnesses before sovereigns, And not be ashamed;
47That I might delight myself in Your commands, Which I have loved;
48That I might lift up my hands to Your commands, Which I have loved; While I meditate on Your laws.
49Remember the word to Your servant, On which You have caused me to wait.
50This is my comfort in my affliction, For Your word has given me life.
51The proud have utterly scorned me, I did not turn aside from Your Torah.
52I remembered Your right-rulings of old, O יהוה, And I comfort myself.
53Rage has seized me because of the wrong Who forsake Your Torah.
54Your laws have been my songs In the place of my sojournings.
55I have remembered Your Name in the night, O יהוה, And I guard Your Torah.
56This has become mine, Because I have observed Your orders.
57You are my portion, O יהוה; I have promised to guard Your words.
58I have sought Your face with all my heart; Show me favour according to Your word.
59I have thought upon my ways, And turned my feet to Your witnesses.
60I have hurried, and did not delay To guard Your commands.
61The cords of the wrong have surrounded me, Your Torah I have not forgotten.
62At midnight I rise to give thanks to You, For Your righteous right-rulings.
63I am a companion of all who fear You, And of those guarding Your orders.
64O יהוה, Your kindness has filled the earth; Teach me Your laws.
65You have done good to Your servant, O יהוה, According to Your word.
66Teach me good sense and knowledge, For I have trusted in Your commands.
67Before I was afflicted I myself was going astray, But now I have guarded Your word.
68You are good, and do good; Teach me Your laws.
69The proud have forged a lie against me, With all my heart I observe Your orders.
70Their heart has become like fat, Without feeling; I have delighted in Your Torah.
71It was good for me that I was afflicted, That I might learn Your laws.
72The Torah of Your mouth is better to me Than thousands of gold and silver pieces.
73Your hands have made me and formed me; Make me understand, that I might learn Your commands.
74Those who fear You see me and rejoice, For I have waited for Your Word.
75I know, O יהוה, That Your right-rulings are righteous, And in trustworthiness You have afflicted me.
76Please let Your kindness be for my comfort, According to Your word to Your servant.
77Let Your compassions come to me, That I might live, For Your Torah is my delight.
78Let the proud be put to shame, For with lies they perverted me; But I study Your orders.
79Let those who fear You turn to me, And those who know Your witnesses.
80Let my heart be perfect in Your laws, So that I am not put to shame.
81For Your deliverance my being has pined away, For I have waited for Your word.
82My eyes have pined away for Your word, Saying, “When would it comfort me?”
83For I have become like a wineskin in the smoke, Your laws I have not forgotten.
84How many are the days of Your servant? When do You execute right-ruling On those who persecute me?
85The proud have dug pits for me, Which is not according to Your Torah.
86All Your commands are trustworthy; They have persecuted me with lies; Help me!
87They almost made an end of me on earth, But I, I did not forsake Your orders.
88Revive me according to Your kindness, That I might guard the witness of Your mouth.
89Forever, O יהוה, Your word stands firm in the heavens.
90Your trustworthiness is to all generations; You established the earth, and it stands.
91According to Your right-rulings They have stood to this day, For all are Your servants.
92If Your Torah had not been my delight, I would have perished in my affliction.
93Let me never forget Your orders, For by them You have given me life.
94I am Yours, save me; For I have sought Your orders.
95The wrong have waited for me to destroy me; I understand Your witnesses.
96I have seen an end of all perfection; Your command is exceedingly broad.
97O how I love Your Torah! It is my study all day long.
98Your commands make me wiser than my enemies; For it is ever before me.
99I have more understanding than all my teachers, For Your witnesses are my study.
100I understand more than the aged, For I have observed Your orders.
101I have restrained my feet from every evil way, That I might guard Your word.
102I have not turned aside from Your right-rulings, For You Yourself have taught me.
103How sweet to my taste has Your word been, More than honey to my mouth!
104From Your orders I get understanding; Therefore I have hated every false way.
105Your word is a lamp to my feet And a light to my path.
106I have sworn, and I confirm, To guard Your righteous right-rulings.
107I have been afflicted very much; O יהוה, revive me according to Your word.
108Please accept the voluntary offerings Of my mouth, O יהוה, And teach me Your right-rulings.
109My life is in my hand continually, And Your Torah I have not forgotten.
110The wrong have laid a snare for me, But I have not strayed from Your orders.
111Your witnesses are my inheritance forever, For they are the joy of my heart.
112I have inclined my heart to do Your laws Forever, to the end.
113I have hated doubting thoughts, But I have loved Your Torah.
114You are my hiding place and my shield; I have waited for Your word.
115Turn away from me, you evil-doers, For I observe the commands of my Elohim!
116Support me according to Your word, That I might live; And put me not to shame Because of my expectation.
117Sustain me, that I might be saved, And always look to Your laws.
118You have made light of all those Who stray from Your laws, For falsehood is their deceit.
119You have made to cease All the wrong of the earth, like dross; Therefore I have loved Your witnesses.
120My flesh has trembled for fear of You, And I am in awe of Your right-rulings.
121I have done right-ruling and righteousness; Leave me not to my oppressors.
122Guarantee Your servant’s well-being; Let not the proud oppress me.
123My eyes have pined away for Your deliverance, And for the word of Your righteousness.
124Do with Your servant according to Your kindness, And teach me Your laws.
125I am Your servant – make me understand, That I might know Your witnesses.
126It is time for יהוה to act! For they have broken Your Torah.
127Therefore I have loved Your commands More than gold, even fine gold!
128Therefore all Your orders I count as right; I have hated every false way.
129Your witnesses are wonders; So my being observes them.
130The opening up of Your words gives light, Giving understanding to the simple.
131I have opened my mouth and panted, For I have longed for Your commands.
132Turn to me and show me favour, According to Your right-ruling, toward those who love Your Name.
133Establish my footsteps by Your word, And let no wickedness have rule over me.
134Redeem me from the oppression of man, That I might guard Your orders.
135Make Your face shine upon Your servant, And teach me Your laws.
136Streams of water have run down from my eyes, Because they did not guard Your Torah.
137Righteous are You, O יהוה, And Your right-rulings are straight.
138You have commanded Your witnesses In righteousness and truth, exceedingly.
139My ardour has consumed me, For my adversaries have forgotten Your words.
140Your word is tried, exceedingly; And Your servant has loved it.
141I am small and despised; I have not forgotten Your orders.
142Your righteousness is righteousness forever, And Your Torah is truth.
143Distress and anguish have found me; Your commands are my delight.
144The righteousness of Your witnesses is forever; Make me understand, that I might live.
145I have called with all my heart; Answer me, O יהוה! I observe Your laws.
146I have called upon You; Save me, that I might guard Your witnesses.
147I rise before dawn, and cry for help; I have waited for Your word.
148My eyes have gone before the night watches, To study Your word.
149Hear my voice according to Your kindness; O יהוה, revive me according to Your right-ruling.
150Those who pursue mischief have drawn near; They have been far from Your Torah.
151You are near, O יהוה, And all Your commands are truth.
152Of old I have known Your witnesses, That You have founded them forever.
153See my affliction and deliver me, For I have not forgotten Your Torah.
154Plead my cause and redeem me; Revive me according to Your word.
155Deliverance is far from the wrong ones, For they have not sought Your laws.
156Your compassions are many, O יהוה; Revive me according to Your right-rulings.
157My persecutors and adversaries are many; I have not turned aside from Your witnesses.
158I saw traitors and was grieved, Because they did not guard Your word.
159See how I have loved Your orders, יהוה, revive me according to Your kindness.
160The sum of Your word is truth, And all Your righteous right-rulings are forever.
161Rulers have persecuted me without a cause, But at Your word my heart stood in awe.
162I rejoice at Your word As one who finds great treasure.
163I have hated falsehood and loathe it, Your Torah I have loved.
164I have praised You seven times a day, Because of Your righteous right-rulings.
165Great peace have those loving Your Torah, And for them there is no stumbling-block.
166יהוה, I have waited for Your deliverance, And I have done Your commands.
167My being has guarded Your witnesses, And I love them exceedingly.
168I have guarded Your orders and Your witnesses, For all my ways are before You.
169My cry comes before You, O יהוה; Make me understand according to Your word.
170Let my prayer come before You; Deliver me according to Your word.
171My lips pour forth praise, For You teach me Your laws.
172My tongue sings of Your word, For all Your commands are righteousness.
173Your hand is a help to me, For I have chosen Your orders.
174I have longed for Your deliverance, O יהוה, And Your Torah is my delight.
175My being lives, and it praises You; And Your right-rulings help me.
176I have strayed like a lost sheep; Seek Your servant, For I have not forgotten Your commands.